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  1. Differentiating between unipolar and bipolar depression can be clinically challenging, especially at first presentation. Patterns of cortisol secretion could aid diagnostic discrimination in affective disorder...

    Authors: Andrés Herane-Vives, Danilo Arnone, Valeria de Angel, Andrew Papadopoulos, Toby Wise, Luis Alameda, Kia-Chong Chua, Allan H. Young and Anthony J. Cleare

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:15

    Content type: Research

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  2. The aim of this study is to determine whether adding combination of agents with anti-inflammatory and neurotrophic effects is more efficacious than mood stabilizer alone in improving clinical symptoms, plasma ...

    Authors: Sheng-Yu Lee, Tzu-Yun Wang, Shiou-Lan Chen, Yun-Hsuan Chang, Po-See Chen, San-Yuan Huang, Nian-Sheng Tzeng, Liang-Jen Wang, I-Hui Lee, Kao-Ching Chen, Yen-Kuang Yang, Jau-Shyong Hong and Ru-Band Lu

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:11

    Content type: Research

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  3. Child maltreatment has been shown to be associated with a wide range of mental disorders, including bipolar disorders. In this 2-year follow-up study, recollections of emotional, physical and sexual abuse were...

    Authors: Ida S. Haussleiter, Eva Neumann, Sandra Lorek, Bianca Ueberberg and Georg Juckel

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:10

    Content type: Research

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  4. Bipolar disorder is associated with significant functional deficits including occupational functioning. Despite the high rates of unemployment and sick leave in the patient population, only a limited number of...

    Authors: Julia Drakopoulos, Timea Sparding, Caitlin Clements, Erik Pålsson and Mikael Landén

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:7

    Content type: Research

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  5. Stressful life events influence the course of affective disorders, however, the mechanisms by which they bring about phenotypic change are not entirely known.

    Authors: Ashley L. Comes, Darina Czamara, Kristina Adorjan, Heike Anderson-Schmidt, Till F. M. Andlauer, Monika Budde, Katrin Gade, Maria Hake, Janos L. Kalman, Sergi Papiol, Daniela Reich-Erkelenz, Farah Klöhn-Saghatolislam, Sabrina K. Schaupp, Eva C. Schulte, Fanny Senner, Georg Juckel…

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:9

    Content type: Research

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  6. Individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) often possess maladaptive traits and present with various difficulties in psychosocial functioning. However, little is known about the intimate partners of adults with bi...

    Authors: Lisa Serravalle, Vanessa Iacono, Sheilagh Hodgins and Mark A. Ellenbogen

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:8

    Content type: Research

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  7. Bipolar disorder (BD) is a complex mood disorder. The genetic mechanism of BD remains largely unknown.

    Authors: Xin Qi, Yan Wen, Ping Li, Chujun Liang, Bolun Cheng, Mei Ma, Shiqiang Cheng, Lu Zhang, Li Liu, Om Prakash Kafle and Feng Zhang

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:6

    Content type: Research

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  8. The issue of categorical vs. dimensional classification of bipolar disorder continues to generate controversy as it has for generations. Despite the evidence that no psychiatric disorder has discrete boundarie...

    Authors: Michael Gitlin and Gin S. Malhi

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:5

    Content type: Review

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  9. The Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines for the ICD-11 Classification of mental and behavioural disorders should soon be finalized. To measure their potential impact, the new proposed definitions o...

    Authors: Jules Angst, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross and Wulf Rössler

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:3

    Content type: Short Communication

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  10. There has been increasing interest in the use of smartphone applications (apps) and other consumer technology in mental health care for a number of years. However, the vision of data from apps seamlessly retur...

    Authors: Michael Bauer, Tasha Glenn, John Geddes, Michael Gitlin, Paul Grof, Lars V. Kessing, Scott Monteith, Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Emanuel Severus and Peter C. Whybrow

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:2

    Content type: Review

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  11. Depression in bipolar disorder (BD) patients presents major clinical challenges. As the predominant psychopathology even in treated BD, depression is associated not only with excess morbidity, but also mortali...

    Authors: Ross J. Baldessarini, Gustavo H. Vázquez and Leonardo Tondo

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2020 8:1

    Content type: Review

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  12. Impairments in psychosocial functioning have been demonstrated in 30–60% of adults with bipolar disorder (BD). However, the majority of studies investigating the effect of comorbid mental health disorders and ...

    Authors: Francis Bennett, Sophie Hodgetts, Andrew Close, Mark Frye, Heinz Grunze, Paul Keck, Ralph Kupka, Susan McElroy, Willem Nolen, Robert Post, Lars Schärer, Trisha Suppes and Aditya N. Sharma

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:28

    Content type: Research

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  13. Bipolar disorder (BD) is characterized by recurrent episodes of depression and mania/hypomania alternating with intervals of well-being. The neurobiological underpinnings of BD are still veiled although there ...

    Authors: Mirko Manchia, Alessio Squassina, Claudia Pisanu, Donatella Congiu, Mario Garzilli, Beatrice Guiso, Federico Suprani, Pasquale Paribello, Vittoria Pulcinelli, Maria Novella Iaselli, Federica Pinna, Flavia Valtorta, Bernardo Carpiniello and Stefano Comai

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:27

    Content type: Study Protocols

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  14. Several recent studies have investigated the role of C-reactive protein (CRP) in bipolar disorder (BD), but few studies have directly investigated the interaction between CRP genetic variants and peripheral CRP c...

    Authors: Ann-Kristin Evers, Julia Veeh, Rhiannon McNeill, Andreas Reif and Sarah Kittel-Schneider

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:26

    Content type: Research

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  15. Cognitive deficits are common in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). Abnormal high density lipoprotein (HDL) levels have been implicated in cognitive deficits associated with ageing and neurodegenerative diso...

    Authors: Li Hui, Xiao Li Yin, Jie Chen, Xu Yuan Yin, Hong Liang Zhu, Jin Li, Guang Zhong Yin, Xiao Wen Xu, Xiao Nan Yang, Zheng Kang Qian, Cai Xia Jiang, Zhen Tang, Hai Bing Yang, Eric F. C. Cheung, Raymond C. K. Chan and Qiu Fang Jia

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:25

    Content type: Research

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  16. Alterations in the structure and physiology of interneurons in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are important factors in the etiopathology of different psychiatric disorders. Among the interneuronal subpopulations,...

    Authors: Julia Alcaide, Ramón Guirado, Carlos Crespo, José Miguel Blasco-Ibáñez, Emilio Varea, Julio Sanjuan and Juan Nacher

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:24

    Content type: Research

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  17. Despite various pharmacological and psychological treatment interventions, bipolar disorders rank among the leading causes of global disease burden. Group psychoeducation has been demonstrated an effective add...

    Authors: Johannes Petzold, René Mayer-Pelinski, Maximilian Pilhatsch, Susan Luthe, Thomas Barth, Michael Bauer and Emanuel Severus

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:23

    Content type: Research

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  18. Anxiety is associated with mood disorders including bipolar disorder. Two statistical modelling frameworks were compared to investigate the longitudinal relationship between repeatedly measured anxiety symptom...

    Authors: Ruoxi Dong, George Stefan, Julie Horrocks, Sarah M. Goodday and Anne Duffy

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:22

    Content type: Research

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  19. Symptoms of anxiety co-occur in a variety of disorders including in depressive episodes of bipolar disorder and in patients with thyrotoxicosis. Treatment of refractory bipolar disorder with supraphysiologic d...

    Authors: Maximilian Pilhatsch, Thomas J Stamm, Petra Stahl, Ute Lewitzka, Anne Berghöfer, Cathrin Sauer, Michael Gitlin, Mark A. Frye, Peter C. Whybrow and Michael Bauer

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:21

    Content type: Research

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  20. Lithium is recommended as a first line treatment for bipolar disorders. However, only 30% of patients show an optimal outcome and variability in lithium response and tolerability is poorly understood. It remai...

    Authors: Jan Scott, Diego Hidalgo-Mazzei, Rebecca Strawbridge, Allan Young, Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Bruno Etain, Ole A. Andreassen, Michael Bauer, Djamila Bennabi, Andrew M. Blamire, Fawzi Boumezbeur, Paolo Brambilla, Nadia Cattane, Annamaria Cattaneo, Marie Chupin, Klara Coello…

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:20

    Content type: Review

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  21. Nonadherence with mood stabilizers is a major problem that negatively impacts the course of bipolar disorder. Medication adherence is a complex individual behavior, and adherence rates often change over time. ...

    Authors: M. Bauer, T. Glenn, M. Alda, R. Bauer, P. Grof, W. Marsh, S. Monteith, R. Munoz, N. Rasgon, K. Sagduyu and P. C. Whybrow

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:19

    Content type: Research

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  22. Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) has been adopted as an evidence-based treatment for unipolar depressive disorder (UDD). Although MBCT has not been included in the treatment guidelines for bipolar di...

    Authors: I. Hanssen, M. I. van Dord, F. R. Compen, D. E. M. Geurts, M. P. J. Schellekens and A. E. M. Speckens

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:18

    Content type: Research

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  23. Bipolar disorder is highly heritable and typically onsets in late adolescence or early adulthood. Evidence suggests that immune activation may be a mediating pathway between genetic predisposition and onset of...

    Authors: Anne Duffy, Sarah M. Goodday, Charles Keown-Stoneman, Martina Scotti, Malosree Maitra, Corina Nagy, Julie Horrocks and Gustavo Turecki

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:17

    Content type: Short communication

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  24. Lithium has been used clinically for 70 years, mainly to treat bipolar disorder. Competing treatments and exaggerated impressions about complexity and risks of lithium treatment have led to its declining use i...

    Authors: Leonardo Tondo, Martin Alda, Michael Bauer, Veerle Bergink, Paul Grof, Tomas Hajek, Ute Lewitka, Rasmus W. Licht, Mirko Manchia, Bruno Müller-Oerlinghausen, René E. Nielsen, Marylou Selo, Christian Simhandl and Ross J. Baldessarini

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:16

    Content type: Review

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  25. Comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common in bipolar disorder and associated with worse outcomes. Cognitive testing might be a tool to identify this group. Here we compare the neuropsy...

    Authors: Sara Salarvan, Timea Sparding, Caitlin Clements, Eleonore Rydén and Mikael Landén

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:14

    Content type: Research

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  26. Innate immune system dysfunction has been recognized as an important element in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD). We aimed to investigate whether there are differences in the response of macrophage...

    Authors: Bruna M. Ascoli, Mariana M. Parisi, Giovana Bristot, Bárbara Antqueviezc, Luiza P. Géa, Rafael Colombo, Flávio Kapczinski, Fátima Theresinha Costa Rodrigues Guma, Elisa Brietzke, Florencia M. Barbé-Tuana and Adriane R. Rosa

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:13

    Content type: Research

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  27. Somatic diseases, including cardiovascular, respiratory, and cancer diseases, are the main contributors to a shortened life expectancy of 10–20 years in patients with bipolar disorder as compared to the genera...

    Authors: René Ernst Nielsen, Pirathiv Kugathasan, Sune Straszek, Svend Eggert Jensen and Rasmus W. Licht

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:12

    Content type: Review

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  28. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment for all bipolar states. However, ECT remains underutilized, likely stemming from stigma and the risk of neurocognitive impairment. Neuroimaging researc...

    Authors: Christopher C. Abbott, Jeremy Miller, Megan Lloyd and Mauricio Tohen

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:11

    Content type: Review

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  29. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance is twice as high in patients with bipolar disorder compared with the general population, and possibly associated with a disabling illness trajectory ...

    Authors: Klara Coello, Maj Vinberg, Filip K. Knop, Bente K. Pedersen, Roger S. McIntyre, Lars V. Kessing and Klaus Munkholm

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:8

    Content type: Research

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  30. Women with bipolar disorder have a high risk of illness relapse postpartum, including psychosis. The aim of the study was to explore how perinatal women with bipolar disorder relate to the risk. What are their...

    Authors: Teija M. S. Anke, Kari Slinning and Dag Vegard Skjelstad

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:7

    Content type: Research

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  31. Patients with severe mental illness (SMI) have a reduced life expectancy of one to two decades as compared to the general population, with most years of life lost due to somatic diseases. Most previous studies...

    Authors: Line Hosbond Lomholt, Diana Vincens Andersen, Christina Sejrsgaard-Jacobsen, Cagla Margit Øzdemir, Claus Graff, Ole Schjerning, Svend Eggert Jensen, Sune Puggard Vogt Straszek, Rasmus W. Licht, Simon Grøntved and René Ernst Nielsen

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:6

    Content type: Research

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  32. In previous studies we found mild deficiencies of circulating T cells in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and children at risk for BD, correlating to a higher inflammatory state. The genetic and environment...

    Authors: G. Snijders, R. Brouwer, S. Kemner, F. Bootsman, H. A. Drexhage and M. H. J. Hillegers

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:4

    Content type: Short Communication

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  33. Mood instability in bipolar disorder is associated with a risk of relapse. This study investigated differences in mood instability between patients with bipolar disorder type I and type II, which previously ha...

    Authors: Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Mads Frost, Jonas Busk, Ellen Margrethe Christensen, Jakob E. Bardram, Maj Vinberg and Lars Vedel Kessing

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:5

    Content type: Research

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  34. Mood disorder patients have a tendency to be more internally oriented, with difficulties in switching attentional focus, which might result in the generation of negative thoughts, such as rumination. The prese...

    Authors: Kallia Apazoglou, Anne-Lise Küng, Paolo Cordera, Jean-Michel Aubry, Alexandre Dayer, Patrik Vuilleumier and Camille Piguet

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:3

    Content type: Research

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  35. The progress and recovery of a patient with mania during hospitalization is differently seen by professionals working at an admission ward and by relatives of the patient. Professionals often indicate that the...

    Authors: P. J. J. Goossens, T. H. Daggenvoorde, H. G. Groot Lipman, S. Verhaeghe and A. W. M. M. Stevens

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:2

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  36. The aims of the present multicenter pilot study were to examine the feasibility and usability of two different smartphone-based monitoring systems (the Pulso system and the Trilogis-Monsenso system) from two I...

    Authors: Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Emanuale Torri, Jesús Cobo, Daryoush Yazdanyar, Diego Palao, Narcis Cardoner, Olaf Andreatta, Oscar Mayora and Lars Vedel Kessing

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2019 7:1

    Content type: Research

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  37. Lithium is an effective treatment in pregnancy and postpartum for the prevention of relapse in bipolar disorder. However, lithium has also been associated with risks during pregnancy for both the mother and th...

    Authors: Eline M. P. Poels, Hilmar H. Bijma, Megan Galbally and Veerle Bergink

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2018 6:26

    Content type: Review

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  38. The proper place and the optimal use of antidepressants in treating bipolar depression continues to be an area of great interest and greater controversy with passionate opinions more common than good studies. ...

    Authors: Michael J. Gitlin

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2018 6:25

    Content type: Review

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  39. Disentangling the etiology of common, complex diseases is a major challenge in genetic research. For bipolar disorder (BD), several genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been performed. Similar to other ...

    Authors: René Breuer, Manuel Mattheisen, Josef Frank, Bertram Krumm, Jens Treutlein, Layla Kassem, Jana Strohmaier, Stefan Herms, Thomas W. Mühleisen, Franziska Degenhardt, Sven Cichon, Markus M. Nöthen, George Karypis, John Kelsoe, Tiffany Greenwood, Caroline Nievergelt…

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2018 6:24

    Content type: Research

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  40. In mental health care, clinical practice is often based on the best available research evidence. However, research findings are difficult to apply to clinical practice, resulting in an implementation gap. To b...

    Authors: Eva F. Maassen, Barbara J. Regeer, Eline J. Regeer, Joske F. G. Bunders and Ralph W. Kupka

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2018 6:23

    Content type: Research

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  41. Most previous studies on concordance with treatment guidelines for bipolar disorder focused on pharmacotherapy. Few studies have included other treatment modalities.

    Authors: Joannes W. Renes, Eline J. Regeer, Adriaan W. Hoogendoorn, Willem A. Nolen and Ralph W. Kupka

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2018 6:22

    Content type: Research

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  42. Shared decision making has been promoted as standard care, but there has been debate on the possible types. On the one hand, there is a more ‘instrumental’/objective approach focused on the exchange of informa...

    Authors: Doris Verwijmeren and Koen P. Grootens

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2018 6:21

    Content type: Research

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  43. About one in ten diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) has experienced a premorbid traumatic brain injury (TBI), while not fulfilling the criteria of bipolar and related disorder due to another medical conditio...

    Authors: Ole Kristian Drange, Arne Einar Vaaler, Gunnar Morken, Ole Andreas Andreassen, Ulrik Fredrik Malt and Per Ivar Finseth

    Citation: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 2018 6:19

    Content type: Research

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