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Table 1 Changes in nutrition, exercise, medical comorbidities, and mood symptoms

From: Nutrition, Exercise, and Wellness Treatment in bipolar disorder: proof of concept for a consolidated intervention

  Variable BaselineM(SD) Week 20M(SD) d value 95% CI
Nutrition Number of vegetable servings (per day) 2.2 (1.2) 2.5 (1.4) 0.86 -0.8 to 0.1
Number of sweets servings (per day) 1.4 (1.6) 1.2 (0.8) 0.26 -0.9 to 1.3
Calories (per day) 1,847.0 (613.0) 1,598.0 (387.5) 0.28 -838.7 to 1,336.7
Sugars (g/day) 108.3 (55.0) 75.1 (37.1) 0.67 -28.0 to 94.4
Exercise Exercise frequency (days/week) 1.6 (1.5) 4.1 (1.8) 1.74 -6.5 to 1.5
Exercise duration (min/week) 75.0 (77.9) 264.2 (60.8) 2.00 -452.2 to 73.9
Medical comorbidities Weight (lbs) 171.4 (35.4) 169.7 (36.9) 0.59 -1.9 to 5.3
Body mass index (kg/m2) 28.4 (5.6) 28.3 (5.2) 0.03 -0.9 to 0.9
Waist circumference (cm) 39.5 (4.3) 38.0 (5.0) 0.48 -2.4 to 5.4
Cholesterol (mg/dL) 197.2 (35.6) 179.6 (50.9) 0.63 -149.3 to 258.9
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 54.4 (14.1) 49.2 (13.0) 0.69 -4.2 to 14.6
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 115.4 (41.3) 88.0 (34.9) 0.72 -19.6 to 74.4
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 158.2 (87.0) 108.0 (20.3) 0.67 -43.0 to 143.4
Plasma glucose (mg/dL) 87.8 (10.3) 83.2 (7.5) 0.91 -1.6 to 10.8
Mood symptoms and functioning MADRS 17.2 (5.2) 13.2 (10.1) 0.26 -15.7 to 21.7
YMRS 4.4 (2.0) 5.6 (3.9) 0.59 -3.3 to 1.7
CGI-Mania 1.4 (0.9) 2.0 (0.7) 0.53 -2.0 to 0.8
CGI-Depression 3.6 (0.6) 2.8 (1.3) 0.62 -0.8 to 2.4
CGI-Overall 3.8 (0.5) 3.2 (0.8) 0.67 -0.5 to 1.7
  LIFE-RIFT 12.0 (3.1) 9.4 (2.1) 1.26 0.0 to 5.2
  1. MADRS, Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale; YMRS, Young Mania Rating Scale; CGI-Mania, Clinical Global Impression-Mania subscale; CGI-Depression, Clinical Global Impression-Depression subscale; CGI-Overall, Clinical Global Impression-Overall Bipolar Illness; LIFE-RIFT, Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation-Range Impaired Functioning Tool.