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Table 2 Correlations between TCI-140 and Behavioral Addiction Scale scores for bipolar patients and comparison subjects

From: Behavioral addictions in euthymic patients with bipolar I disorder: a comparison to controls

TCI scale Harmful addictions Benign addictions
  Patients Controls Patients Controls
Novelty Seeking 0.33* 0.32* 0.22 0.20
Harm Avoidance −0.14 −0.07 −0.21 0.12
Reward Dependence −0.09 0.16 0.26 0.01
Persistence 0.11 0.13 0.32* 0.12
Self-directedness −0.19 −0.05 0.04 −0.26
Cooperativeness −0.42** −0.28* 0.02 −0.26
Self-transcendence 0.21 0.29* 0.31* 0.29*
  1. Pearson’s r correlations between Temperament and Character Inventory-140 and behavioral addiction scores for euthymic bipolar (N = 50) and healthy comparison (N = 50) subjects. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.001.