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Table 7 Interactions of cortical thinning or duration of illness with neurocognitive performance

From: Cortical thinning in young psychosis and bipolar patients correlate with common neurocognitive deficits

  Neurocognitive performance correlations ( r/ rho)
Regions of interest RVP A’ RVP B” RVP - mean latency RAVLT - SUM RAVLT - B1 RAVLT - A6 RAVLT - A7 COWAT - Letters COWAT - Animals TMT - A TMT - B PAL a IED a
Left hemisphere              
Intraparietal sulcus 0.04 −0.15 −0.23 * 0.02 0.23 * −0.02 −0.01 −0.01 −0.20 −0.13 −0.08 0.15 −0.05
Angular gyrus (pos.) −0.04 −0.24 * −0.12 0.09 0.09 0.04 0.07 0.01 0.00 −0.11 −0.06 0.05 −0.04
Angular gyrus (ant.) 0.16 −0.08 −0.02 0.03 0.07 0.07 0.1 0.09 0.04 −0.09 −0.08 0.12 −0.06
Calcarine sulcus 0.06 −0.02 0 0.17 0.03 0.22 * 0.19 0.08 0.03 0.09 0.15 0.04 0.01
Right hemisphere              
Superior temporal gyrus 0.1 0.02 0.1 0.07 −0.02 0.16 0.20 * 0.18 0.20 0.09 0.1 0.04 −0.15
Supramarginal gyrus 0.22 * 0.04 0.30 ** 0.18 0.03 0.18 0.24 * 0.13 0.26 * 0.00 −0.03 0.16 −0.16
Precuneus 0.09 −0.07 −0.17 0.05 −0.01 0.03 0.07 −0.12 −0.16 −0.07 −0.02 −0.13 0.07
Precentral gyrus −0.06 0.11 −0.16 −0.02 −0.07 0.01 0.04 −0.08 −0.15 −0.04 −0.09 −0.16 −0.09
Fusiform 0.2 −0.06 0.03 0.15 0.07 0.1 0.06 −0.1 −0.18 −0.04 0.07 0.15 0.18
Parieto-occipical sulcus 0.01 −0.13 −0.08 0.1 −0.05 0.11 0.1 −0.08 0.1 −0.25 * −0.12 0.02 −0.16
Duration of illness 0.05 0.07 0.06 −0.09 0.04 −0.11 −0.09 0.07 0.02 0.02 −0.07 −0.12 −0.01
  1. Partial correlation examined the relationship between either cortical thickness in regions of interest or duration of illness with z-scores of neurocognitive performance, controlling for gender and years of education, in all subjects with psychosis or bipolar disorder (n = 113). aSpearman's rho correlation analysis examined non-parametric distributions of z-scores. Items of small-effect size (d>0.2) are italicized. *p < 0.05 (two-tailed), **p < 0.01 (two-tailed). ant., anterior; COWAT, Controlled Word Association Test; IED, intra/extra-dimensional shift; PAL, paired associate learning; RAVLT, Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test; RVP, rapid visual processing; TMT, Trail Making Test; pos., posterior.