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Table 1 Controversies over lithium and the kidney (selected references)

From: Lithium nephrotoxicity

  Yes No
Lithium causes anatomic kidney damage Markowitz et al. (2000) Vestergaard et al. (1979)
Low-dose lithium prevents kidney damage Aiff et al. (2014a) Close et al. (2014)
Duration of lithium treatment predicts Li polyuria Bendz et al. (2001) Lepkifker et al. (2004)
Duration of lithium predicts reduced GFR Bendz et al. (2010) Smigan et al. (1984)