Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants

From: Biological rhythms are independently associated with quality of life in bipolar disorder

Variable Bipolar sample (n = 80)
Mean age, years (SD) 42.62 (12.88)
 Range 20–66
Sex
 Female 64 (80.0%)
 Male 16 (20.0%)
Occupation status
 Employed 38 (47.5 %)
 Unemployed 38 (47.5 %)
 No data 4 (5.0 %)
 Education, years (SD) 15.24 (3.11)
Current psychiatric comorbidities, n (%)
 Alcohol/substance abuse 11 (13.8 %)
 Eating disorders 2 (2.5 %)
 Generalized anxiety disorder 11 (13.8 %)
 Obsessive compulsive disorder 4 (5.0 %)
 Panic disorder 7 (8.8 %)
 Post traumatic stress disorder 10 (12.5 %)
 Social phobia 12 (15.0 %)
 Specific phobia 3 (3.8 %)
Psychiatric medications, n (%)
 Mood stabilizers 47 (58.8 %)
 Anti-psychotics 40 (50.0 %)
 Antidepressants 44 (55.0 %)
 Anxiolytics 40 (50.0 %)
Sleep medication use
 Yes 54 (67.5 %)
 No 26 (32.5 %)
Mean total WHOQOL (SD) 202.91 (61.51)
 Range 75–326
Mean WHOQOL-physical QOL (SD) 51.35 (17.69)
 Range 6–88
Mean WHOQOL-psychological QOL (SD) 41.11 (20.31)
 Range 0–81
Mean WHOQOL-social QOL (SD) 44.74 (25.30)
 Range 0–100
Mean WHOQOL-environmental QOL (SD) 65.71 (16.48)
 Range 19–100
Mean MADRS (SD) 16.76 (10.55)
 Range 0–38
Mean BRIAN (SD) 47.69 (10.06)
 Range 29–69
Mean PSQI (without component 6) (SD) 8.35 (3.88)
 Range 2–20