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Table 3 Explanatory models based on responses from the patients who used the Internet to find information on bipolar disorder (N = 750)

From: Online information seeking by patients with bipolar disorder: results from an international multisite survey

Question number Dependent variable N Independent variables
Questiona Answerb Parameter Significance OR 95 % CI
22 How do you rate your Internet search skills? Expert 725 Intercept 0.010 0.463 0.257, 0.835
Age <0.001 0.970 0.956,0.984
Male 0.004 1.892 1.221, 2.931
Very confident when to see the doctor <0.001 1.891 1.354, 2.639
Favorite source Wikipedia <0.001 1.487 1.221,1.812
Attempt to verify the online information 0.003 1.717 1.198, 2.460
24 Do you find what you are looking for? Always 661 Intercept <0.001 0.203 0.127, 0.323
Consult more than one medical professional (e.g., counselor or psychologist) plus psychiatrist 0.033 0.588 0.361, 0.958
27 How frequently do you search for information about bipolar disorder? Monthly or more often 703 Intercept 0.006 0.310 0.135, 0.709
Education ratio 0.004 0.621 0.448, 0.858
Male 0.025 1.525 1.054, 2.207
Mostly normal last 6 months <0.001 0.395 0.262, 0.596
Bipolar disorder interferes frequently or sometimes <0.001 1.952 1.406, 2.711
Search for side effects from prescription drugs 0.021 1.465 1.060, 2.024
Favorite source are specific sites on mental health 0.021 1.292 1.039, 1.607
Online information helps to cope <0.001 2.699 2.008, 3.627
Participate in online support groups <0.001 2.286 1.552, 3.367
29 What are your favorite sources of information about bipolar disorder? Specific sites on mental health or bipolar disorder 642 Intercept <0.001 0.190 0.087, 0.415
  Age 0.001 1.022 1.009, 1.035
  Male 0.002 0.729 0.595, 0.892
  Consult more than one medical professional 0.001 1.515 1.197, 1.917
   Search monthly or more often 0.019 1.383 1.054, 1.814
   Online information helps to cope <0.001 1.598 1.284, 1.990
     Attempt to verify the online information <0.001 2.670 2.070, 3.445
29 What are your favorite sources of information about bipolar disorder? Wikipedia 744 Intercept <0.001 0.293 0.211, 0.406
Male 0.006 1.565 1.135, 2.158
Expert search skills <0.001 1.579 1.271, 1.963
30 Do you discuss online information about bipolar disorder with your doctor? Sometimes or frequently 715 Intercept <0.001 0.068 0.038, 0.123
     Very confident when to see the doctor 0.001 1.936 1.297, 2.891
     Online information helps to cope <0.001 2.621 1.827, 3.761
     Attempt to verify the online information <0.001 3.149 2.374, 4.177
31 Does the online information help you cope with bipolar disorder? Sometimes or frequently 711 Intercept 0.005 0.610 0.433, 0.861
Mostly normal last 6 months <0.001 2.015 1.525, 2.663
Always find what looking for <0.001 2.637 1.706, 4.076
   Search monthly or more often <0.001 2.290 1.659, 3.160
    Online information helps to cope <0.001 1.684 1.276, 2.221
    Discuss findings with doctor <0.001 3.023 2.024, 4.517
34 How concerned are you about privacy and confidentiality? Moderately or very concerned 723 Intercept <0.001 0.085 0.049, 0.147
Power Distance Index <0.001 1.030 1.020, 1.040
Search online to learn anonymously 0.001 1.705 1.260, 2.308
  1. aSee survey for details and exact wording
  2. bMissing values not included