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Table 3 Factors for physical restraints on bipolar patients at Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, 2015

From: Use of physical restraints among patients with bipolar disorder in Ethiopian Mental Specialized Hospital, outpatient department: cross-sectional study

Explanatory variables Physical restrained Crude odd ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odd ratio (AOR) 95% CI
Yes No
Sex
 Male 122 49 1.64 (1.07, 2.51)* 1.46 (0.93, 2.23)
 Female 138 91 1.00 1.00
Number of episode
 One episode 63 52 1.00 1.00
 More than one episode 197 88 1.85 (1.18, 2.88)* 1.84 (1.16, 2.93)**
History of aggression
 Yes 223 100 2.41 (1.45, 3.99)* 2.14 (1.26, 3.63)**
 No 37 40 1.00 1.00
Comorbid illness
 Yes 98 35 1.81 (1.15, 2.87)* 1.76 (1.09, 2.84)
 No 162 105 1.00 1.00
Current use of Khat
 Yes 95 28 2.30 (1.42, 3.74)* 1.83 (1.10, 3.04)**
 No 165 112 1.00 1.00
Use of antipsychotic
 Yes 91 30 1.97 (1.13, 3.18)* 1.79 (1.08, 2.95)**
 No 169 110 1.00 1.00
  1. * (p < 0.05) and ** (significantly associated), 1.00 (reference)