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Table 1 Comparisons of personality traits, psychosocial functioning, and marital adjustment of index parents with bipolar disorder (BD) and index healthy control parents and of intimate partners of parents with BD and intimate partners of healthy control parents

From: A comprehensive assessment of personality traits and psychosocial functioning in parents with bipolar disorder and their intimate partners

  Index parents Intimate partners
BD Healthy control    Of adults with BD Of healthy controls   
M (SD) M (SD) F η2 M (SD) M (SD) F η2
Personality (NEO-PI-R)a n = 55 n = 47    n = 59 n = 43   
Neuroticism 60.40 (12.70) 45.11 (8.80) 33.41** .25 50.49 (10.20) 44.58 (8.70) 7.41** .07
Extraversion 48.47 (9.11) 51.45 (7.35) 1.62 .02 47.10 (7.87) 52.67 (7.22) 11.08** .10
Openness 50.95 (10.50) 52.85 (8.65) .01 .00 48.20 (8.35) 50.98 (7.04) .99 .01
Agreeableness 49.56 (9.74) 54.04 (6.74) 4.08* .04 51.19 (8.41) 49.67 (8.77) 1.14 .01
Conscientiousness 44.44 (11.10) 50.43 (6.07) 6.25* .06 50.18 (9.84) 51.42 (7.74) .19 .00
Negative life events (LES)b n = 48 n = 32    n = 28 n = 33   
Dependent 2.83 (1.98) 1.09 (1.28) 13.41** .15 1.93 (1.33) 1.58 (1.56) .90 .02
Independent .44 (.62) .31 (.59) .89 .01 .32 (.55) .39 (.55) .25 .00
Coping skills (CISS)c n = 55 n = 47    n = 58 n = 43   
Task-oriented 44.80 (10.80) 51.60 (9.75) 5.82* .06 49.40 (8.85) 51.88 (8.11) .98 .01
Emotion-focused 55.27 (10.40) 46.70 (8.68) 11.39** .10 49.90 (8.79) 45.63 (7.51) 5.69* .06
Avoidance-oriented 53.04 (11.90) 44.62 (9.24) 15.10** .13 48.34 (9.63) 46.37 (10.6) 1.07 .01
Social support (ASSI)d n = 55 n = 47    n = 59 n = 43   
Size of social network 10.04 (6.66) 17.85 (13.80) 7.65** .07 10.25 (7.74) 16.60 (12.40) 8.66** .08
Satisfaction with social network 25.53 (3.56) 28.30 (2.01) 17.78** .15 25.98 (3.46) 28.23 (2.45) 11.80** .11
Amount of social contact 6.27 (6.98) 12.47 (11.8) 7.08** .07 7.61 (7.91) 12.65 (11.8) 5.47* .05
Satisfaction with social contact 4.25 (.95) 4.74 (.61) 6.40* .06 4.14 (.97) 4.63 (.691) 7.09** .07
Marital adjustment (DAS)e n = 38 n = 45    n = 43 n = 40   
Consensus 50.87 (7.80) 53.62 (5.66) 2.46 .03 49.77 (8.12) 52.88 (6.54) 4.89* .06
Affectional expression 8.24 (2.50) 9.31 (1.81) 7.05** .08 8.00 (2.66) 9.10 (2.41) 3.47 .04
Satisfaction 35.71 (7.70) 39.56 (4.46) 5.54* .07 32.63 (8.90) 39.53 (4.83) 17.49** .18
Cohesion 13.79 (5.48) 16.18 (3.51) 4.94* .06 13.81 (5.49) 15.68 (4.04) 3.60 .04
Verbal aggression (CTS)f n = 38 n = 45    n = 44 n = 41   
From partner 18.39 (21.60) 8.62 (11.60) 3.97* .05 14.98 (21.00) 10.61 (10.8) .41 .01
Towards partner 16.71 (21.90) 8.73 (9.78) 3.76 .05 23.73 (26.80) 8.95 (9.31) 8.11** .09
  1. T-scores were used for the Personality and Coping Skills subcategories, *p < .05, **p < .01
  2. BD: bipolar disorder
  3. aFrom the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised
  4. bFrom the Life Events Scale
  5. cFrom the Coping Inventory of Stressful Situations
  6. dFrom the Arizona Social Support Interview
  7. eFrom the Dyadic Adjustment Scale
  8. fFrom the Conflict Tactic Scale