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Table 2 Comparisons of personality traits, psychosocial functioning and marital adjustment of couples with and without a partner with bipolar disorder

From: A comprehensive assessment of personality traits and psychosocial functioning in parents with bipolar disorder and their intimate partners

  Couples
One partner with BD Two healthy control partners   
M (SD) M (SD) F η2
Personality (NEO-PI-R)a n = 58 n = 47   
Neuroticism 55.37 (7.43) 44.94 (7.35) 35.86** .26
Extraversion 47.88 (6.45) 52.10 (5.56) 7.80** .07
Openness 49.68 (7.70) 52.10 (6.46) .13 .00
Agreeableness 50.11 (6.81) 52.16 (5.71) .51 .01
Conscientiousness 47.12 (7.73) 51.06 (5.45) 6.21* .06
Negative life events (LES)b n = 48 n = 33   
Dependent 2.55 (1.47) 1.32 (1.17) 13.17** .14
Independent .40 (.48) .35 (.40) .61 .01
Coping skills (CISS)c n = 57 n = 47   
Task-oriented 46.93 (7.43) 51.60 (7.20) 5.51* .05
Emotion-focused 52.56 (7.13) 46.19 (6.08) 13.41** .12
Avoidance-oriented 51.33 (8.15) 45.38 (7.60) 14.20** .12
Social support (ASSI)d n = 58 n = 47   
Size of social network 10.16 (5.72) 17.20 (9.22) 12.52** .11
Satisfaction with social network 25.75 (2.89) 28.27 (1.85) 21.07** .17
Amount of social contact 7.00 (6.02) 12.45 (8.10) 8.73** .08
Satisfaction with social contact 4.19 (.76) 4.70 (.50) 10.33** .09
Marital adjustment (DAS)e n = 45 n = 46   
Consensus 50.39 (6.72) 53.52 (5.44) 6.51* .07
Affectional expression 8.08 (2.41) 9.23 (1.95) 6.65* .07
Satisfaction 34.07 (7.80) 39.72 (4.22) 15.83** .15
Cohesion 14.04 (4.89) 16.15 (3.32) 5.25* .06
Verbal aggression (CTS)f n = 45 n = 45   
Inter-partner 18.45 (19.47) 9.44 (9.34) 3.46 .04
  1. Due to non-independence of data and to obtain a global estimate of couple functioning, mean scores across all available parents. when there was more than one parent in a family were used (number of single-parent families = 11 (7 BD))
  2. T-scores were used for the Personality and Coping Skills subcategories, *p < .05, **p < .01
  3. BD: bipolar disorder
  4. aFrom the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised
  5. bFrom the Life Events Scale
  6. cFrom the Coping Inventory of Stressful Situations
  7. dFrom the Arizona Social Support Interview
  8. eFrom the Dyadic Adjustment Scale
  9. fFrom the Conflict Tactic Scale