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Table 2 Characteristics of participants of a newly designed 12 session psychoeducational program for bipolar disorder

From: A multi-center naturalistic study of a newly designed 12-sessions group psychoeducation program for patients with bipolar disorder and their caregivers

Patients (n = 97)   Caregivers (n = 72)  
Age (mean) (SD; range) 40.8 (12.6; 19–72) Age (mean) (SD; range) 50.1 (11.9; 23–72)
Gender (% female) n = 56 (57.7%) Gender (% female) n = 33 (45.8%)
QIDS (mean) (SD; range) 9.0 (6.2; 0–24)   
ASRM (mean) (SD; range) 1.7 (2.5; 0–9)   
Duration of illness in years (SD; range) 13.9 (11.8; 0–45)   
BD diagnosis (self-reported)a   Relationship (%)  
 BD I (%) n = 36 (37.1%) Spouse n = 48 (66.7%)
 BD II (%) n = 35 (36.1%) Parent n = 14 (19.4%)
 BD other (%) n = 4 (4.1%) Other n = 8 (11.1%)
 Unknown to patient (%) n = 22 (22.7%) Not reported n = 2 (2.8%)
Age at first treatment (SD; range) 32.8 (12.2;12–61) Years involved in treatment of patient (SD; range) 4.5 (5.9;0–30)
Participating with caregiver (%) n = 73 (75.3%)   
Participating w/o caregiver (%) n = 24 (24.7%)   
Currently using medication (%) n = 88 (90.7%)   
 Lithium (%) n = 54 (61.4%)   
 Anticonvulsant b (%) n = 28 (31.8%)   
 Antipsychotic c (%) n = 24 (27.3%)   
 Antidepressant (%) n = 36 (40.9%)   
 Anxiolytic (%) n = 6 (6.8%)   
Number of medications, median (range) 1 (1–4)   
  1. a Patients were asked about their diagnosis; before inclusion in the PE program, all patients had a clinically confirmed diagnosis of bipolar disorder type I, II or NOS
  2. b Anticonvulsants included valproate, lamotrigine, carbamazepine
  3. c Antipsychotics were mainly second generation agents