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Table 3 Results from repeated measures ANCOVAs: Psychological symptoms (BSI-18) in patients with BD vs. healthy controls in April (T1) and May 2020 (T2)

From: Psychological symptoms during and after Austrian first lockdown in individuals with bipolar disorder? A follow-up control-group investigation

  BD (n = 20) Controls (n = 20) Statistics
  T1 T2 T1 T2 Group effect Time effect Time x group interaction
  M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) F p F p F p
Somatization 4.95 (5.56) 3.90 (5.43) 0.80 (1.58) 0.95 (1.57) 2.82 0.102 1.2 0.28 5.22 0.029
Depression 7.15 (6.42) 5.50 (6.00) 1.55 (1.90) 1.80 (2.12) 11.73 0.002 0.21 0.651 0.38 0.544
Anxiety 5.00 (4.46) 4.85 (5.37) 1.40 (1.19) 1.70 (2.13) 9.48 0.004 1.3 0.263 1.4 0.245
GSI 17.10 (13.83) 14.25 (14.15) 3.75 (3.42) 4.45 (4.55) 10.08 0.003 0.8 0.378 3.53 0.069
  1. Results from repeated measures ANCOVAs controlling for age, sex, education, and employment
  2. BD  bipolar disorder, BSI-18   brief symptom inventory-18, GSI  global severity index, M mean, SD  standard deviation