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Table 4 Results from repeated measures ANCOVAs: COVID-19 fears and emotional distress due to social distancing in patients with BD vs. healthy controls in April (T1) and May 2020 (T2)

From: Psychological symptoms during and after Austrian first lockdown in individuals with bipolar disorder? A follow-up control-group investigation

  BD (n = 20) Controls (n = 20) Statistics
T1 T2 T1 T2 Group effect Time effect Time x group interaction
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) F p F p F p
COVID-19 fears 4.43 (2.69) 3.98 (2.39) 3.79 (2.15) 3.42 (2.14) 0.83 0.366 2.73 0.108 0.21 0.651
ED-SD 1.56 (1.16) 1.13 (1.04) 0.78 (0.51) 0.79 (0.96) 6.62 0.015 0.442 0.511 0 0.958
  1. Results from repeated measures ANCOVAs controlling for age, sex, education, and employment
  2. BD  bipolar disorder, ED-SD  emotional distress due to social distancing, M  mean, SD standard deviation