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Table 2 Population characteristics

From: Patients’ adherence to smartphone apps in the management of bipolar disorder: a systematic review

Reference study Sample size N Mean age, Years (SD) FemaleN (%) BD type 1 N (%) Clinical state Depression score at baseline (SD) Manic score at baseline (SD)
Til et al. (2020) 47 41.9 (10.8) 25 (53.1) 32 (68.0) NS NS NS
Faurholt-Jepsen et al. (2020) 85  43.0 (12.4) 52 (61.2) 54 (63.5) NS NS NS
Depp et al. (2015) 41 46.9 (11.8) 22 (53.7) 36 (87.8) Euthymic MADRS: 11.7 (Moore et al. 2016) YMRS: 7.4 (Myin-Germeys et al. 2016)
Stanislaus et al. (2020) 203 28.0 [24-35] * 140 (69.0) 68 (33.5) NS HAMD17: 9 [5-15] † YMRS: 2 [0-7]a
Hidalgo-Mazzei et al. (2018) 201 36.6 (Firth et al. 2016) 127 (63.2) NS NS NS NS
Tsanas et al. (2016) 48 38.0 (Ng et al. 2019) 32 (66.7) NS NS NS NS
Schwartz et al. (2016) 10 48.9 (16.8) 7 (70.0) 10 (100) Any mood state NS NS
Wenze et al. (2016) 8 44.0 (11.6) 5 (62.5) 5 (62.5) At least moderate depression or mania QIDS-C 15.2 (3.2) CARS-M 7.2 (4.3)
Hidalgo-Mazzei et al. (2016) 51 43.9 (11.4) 21 (42.9) 33 (67.3) Euthymic HAMD-17: 3.2 YMRS: 2.1 (2.6)
Beiwinkel et al. (2016) 13 47.2 (3.8) 5 (38.5) 6 (46.1) NS NS NS
Faurholt-Jepsen et al. (2015) 33 29.1 (7.4) 23 (71.0) 20 (60.6) Euthymic HAMD: 9 [4-16]a YMRS: 2 [0–7]
Wenze et al. (2014) 14 40.9 (12.1) 10 (71.4) 5 (35.7) NS QIDS: 12.5 (4.0) CARS-M: 9.9 (8.7)
Faurholt-Jepsen et al. (2014) 17 33.4 (9.5) 12 (70.6) 14 (82.4) NS NS NS
  1. BD Bipolar disorder, SD Standard deviation, NS Not specified, MADRS Montgomery and asberg depression scale, YMRS Young mania rating scale, HAMD17 Hamilton depression rating scale with 17 items version, HAMD Hamilton depression rating scale, QIDS-C Quick inventory of depressive symptomatology-Clinician Rating, QIDS-C Quick inventory of depressive symptomatology, CARS-M Clinician administered mania rating scale
  2. aMedian [interquartile range]