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Table 3 App characteristics

From: Patients’ adherence to smartphone apps in the management of bipolar disorder: a systematic review

App (study) Version Type Phone Notifications Psychoeducation (Type) Collection of passive data (Type) Feedback (Type) Sessions in a day Number of items evaluated in a session Adherence Characteristics
No Name (Til et al. 2020)   Self-monitoring + wearable (Fitbit) Personal No No Yes (Physical activity, sleep and heart rate measured with a wearable device) Yes (Graphical feedback) 2a 6 Completion Rate: 81.8%
MONARCA (Faurholt-Jepsen et al. 2014) Original Self-monitoring Loaned No No Yes (speech duration, social activity, physical activity, and cell tower ID) No 1 10 88.0%b
Faurholt-Jepsen et al. 2015) Upgraded Self-monitoring Loaned Yes No No Yes (Clinical feedback loop) 1 11 93.0%b,c
Faurholt-Jepsen et al. 2020) Upgraded Self-monitoring Personal or loaned No No Yes (Phone usage, Social activity, Physical activity, Mobility) Yes (Clinical feedback loop) 1 10 Activity rate: 72.6%
Stanislaus et al. 2020) Upgraded Self-monitoring Personal or loaned Yes No No No 1 2 Median of use: 107 days (IQR 157)
PRISM (Depp et al. 2015)   Self-monitoring and evidence-based intervention Loaned Yes No No Yes (Graphical Feedback) 2a 9 Activity rate: 65.0%
Moodzoom (Tsanas et al. 2016),   Self-monitoring NS No No No No 1 6 Activity rate: 81.9%c
No Name (Schwartz et al. 2016)   Self-monitoring Loaned Yes No No No 2 5 Activity rate: 79.0%
Myexperience (Wenze et al. 2016)   Ecological momentary intervention including self-monitoring Loaned Yes Yes (Messages) No Yes (Messages) 2 11 Activity rate 58.0%
SIMPLe (Hidalgo-Mazzei et al. 2016) Original Self-monitoring Personal Yes Yes (Messages) No Yes (graphical feedback and messages) 1 5 Activity rate: 85.5%
Hidalgo-Mazzei et al. 2018) Upgraded Self-Monitoring Personal Yes Yes (Messages) No Yes (graphical feedback and messages) ° 1 5 Median of use: 60 days. (IQR = 7)
No Name (Wenze et al. 2014)   Self-monitoring Loaned (PDA) Yes Yes (Messages) No Yes (messages) 2 16 Activity rate: 91.6%
SIMBA (Beiwinkel et al. 2016)   Self-monitoring Loaned Yes No Yes (Physical activity and social communication) No 1 2 55.7%c
  1. IQR Inter quartile range, PDA Personal digital assistant
  2. aOnly one session a day taken in account for adherence
  3. bUndefined adherence characteristics
  4. cCalculated relative to active patients only addition of a weekly complementary session