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Table 2 Results of a model using age, sex, baseline score and chronotype to predict the rate of mood assessments above a predefined score during the follow up period

From: Late chronotype predicts more depressive symptoms in bipolar disorder over a 5 year follow-up period

  Rate ratio [95% CI]
Age (years) Sex (male) Baseline score Early chronotype Late chronotype
PHQ-9 ≥ 5 0.995
[0.992–0.997]
1.069
[0.980- 1.166]
0.996
[0.990–1.00]
1.115
[0.977—1.272]
1.290
[1.135–1.466]
GAD-7 ≥ 10 0.995
[0.992–0.998]
0.945
[0.854–1.045]
1.034
[1.024–1.043]
1.003
[0.871–1.155]
1.034
[0.903–1.185]
HAM-D ≥ 10 1.002
[0.993–1.012]
1.162
[0.905–1.492]
1.084
[1.071–1.098]
0.826
[0.564–1.210]
0.794
[0.547–1.151]
YMRS ≥ 12 1.001
[0.985–1.018]
0.822
[0.525–1.286]
1.164
[1.133–1.195]
0.973
[0.485–1.951]
0.968
[0.486–1.929]
  1. Females and normal chronotype were used as reference groups
  2. Bold RRs are significant at p < 0.01