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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Evaluating the quality, safety, and functionality of commonly used smartphone apps for bipolar disorder mood and sleep self-management

Demographic variable Total Mood/sleep app use (n = 382) No mood/sleep app use (n = 537)
Sex (female); n (%) 716 (77.9%) 308 (80.6%) 408 (76%)
Age; mean (SD) 36.9 (12) 36.9 (12) 37 (12)
BD subtype; n (%)    
 BD I
 BD II
 Other/no formal diagnosis
321 (34.9%)
477 (51.9%)
121 (13.2%)
139 (36.4%)
198 (51.8%)
45 (11.8%)
182 (33.9%)
279 (52%)
76 (14.1%)
Current treatment; n (%)    
 Medication
 Counselling/psychotherapy
 Peer support
745 (81.1%)
438 (47.7%)
142 (15.5%)
318 (83.2%)
212 (55.5%)
67 (17.5%)
427 (79.5%)
226 (42.1%)
75 (14%)
Ethnicity; n (%)    
 White
 Black/African
 Asian
 Middle Eastern
 Latin American
 Other or multiple ethnicities
560 (61%)
40 (4.4%)
152 (16.6%)
22 (2.4%)
48 (5.2%)
96 (10.5%)
251 (65.7%)
15 (3.9%)
47 (12.3%)
8 (2.1%)
19 (5%)
42 (11%)
309 (57.6%)
25 (4.7%)
105 (19.6%)
14 (2.6%)
29 (5.4%)
54 (10.1%)
Country of residence; n (%)    
 Canada
 United States of America
 Europe
 Australia/New Zealand
 Asia
 Middle East
 Africa
 Latin America
169 (18.4%)
228 (24.8%)
105 (11.4%)
37 (4%)
160 (17.4%)
19 (2.1%)
142 (15.5%)
56 (6.1%)
88 (23%)
108 (28.3%)
47 (12.3%)
20 (5.2%)
48 (12.6%)
8 (2.1%)
37 (9.7%)
25 (6.5%)
81 (15.1%)
120 (22.3%)
58 (10.8%)
17 (3.2%)
112 (20.9%)
11 (2%)
105 (19.6%)
31 (5.8%)
Education level; n (%)    
 Any high school
 Postsecondary
 Undergraduate
 Postgraduate
 Other
177 (19.3%)
214 (23.3%)
324 (35.3%)
173 (18.8%)
31 (3.4%)
56 (14.7%)
83 (21.7%)
157 (41.1%)
75 (19.6%)
11 (2.9%)
121 (22.5%)
131 (24.4%)
167 (31.1%)
98 (18.2%)
20 (3.7%)
Employment status; n (%)    
 Working full-time
 Working part-time
 Self-employed
 Student
 Not in paid employment
 Retired
341 (37.1%)
156 (17%)
11 (1.2%)
102 (11.1%)
263 (28.6%)
46 (5%)
140 (36.6%)
75 (19.6%)
1 (0.3%)
41 (10.7%)
106 (27.7%)
19 (5%)
201 (37.4%)
81 (15.1%)
10 (1.9%)
61 (11.4%)
157 (29.2%)
27 (5%)
Marital status; n (%)    
 Single
 Married/in a committed relationship
 Divorced/separated
 Other/prefer not to say
347 (37.8%)
455 (49.5%)
96 (10.4%)
21 (2.3%)
143 (37.4%)
193 (50.5%)
40 (10.5%)
6 (1.6%)
204 (38%)
262 (48.8%)
56 (10.4%)
15 (2.8%)
Devices used to access apps    
 Smartphone
 Tablet
 Neither
896 (97.5%)
209 (22.7%)
10 (1.1%)
379 (99.2%)
107 (28%)
1 (0.2%)
517 (96.3%)
102 (19%)
9 (1.7%)