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Table 1 Comparison of TCI-140 scores for bipolar patients and comparison subjects

From: Behavioral addictions in euthymic patients with bipolar I disorder: a comparison to controls

TCI scale Bipolar Controls
  N = 50 N = 50
Novelty Seeking 53.66 ± 9.1 54.2 ± 9.9
Harm Avoidance 61.48 ± 10.8 56.52 ± 11.0
Reward Dependence 67.14 ± 9.0 65.74 ± 9.3
Persistence 63.2 ± 12.9 63.44 ± 10.3
Self-directedness 71.02 ± 12.7 71.02 ± 9.8
Cooperativeness 76.34 ± 9.1 74.42 ± 9.1
Self-transcendence 41.78 ± 11.3 39.98 ± 9.8
  1. Temperament and Character Inventory summed scale scores (mean ± SD) for euthymic patients with bipolar I disorder and for matched healthy comparison subjects. No overall significant differences were found.