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Table 2 Comparison of baseline levels of stigma (DMISS) between healthcare providers and people with BD

From: Using theatre to address mental illness stigma: a knowledge translation study in bipolar disorder

  Provider Person with BD
  N Mean SD N Mean SD t df P
Stigma (DMISS) (α = 0.89)          
Treatability*** 84 1.74 0.76 80 2.48 1.16 -4.82 135 0.000
Relationship disruption*** 84 2.38 0.99 80 3.22 1.23 -4.82a 152 0.000
Hygiene** 84 1.93 0.99 80 2.44 1.30 -2.80a 148 0.006
Anxiety 84 1.71 0.89 80 1.97 0.99 -1.75 162 0.083
Visibility 84 3.40 0.84 80 3.57 0.80 -1.36 162 0.176
Recovery*** 84 2.55 1.31 80 3.59 1.87 -4.10a 141 0.000
Professional efficacy 84 2.74 1.35 80 3.18 1.52 -1.95 162 0.053
Total*** 84 2.26 0.63 80 2.79 0.74 -4.90 162 0.000
  1. *p < 0.05, two-tailed; **p < 0.01, two-tailed;***p < 0.001, two-tailed. aUnequal variance t test.