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Table 5 Multiple linear regression of COVID-19 fears/emotional distress due to social distancing during lockdown (T1) associated with somatization at post-lockdown (T2)

From: Psychological symptoms during and after Austrian first lockdown in individuals with bipolar disorder? A follow-up control-group investigation

  Unstandardized coefficients Standardized coefficients t p F (p) R R2 ΔR2 Cohens f2
B SE β
Somatization
 BD
  (Constant)       3.15 (0.039*) 0.77 0.59 0.40 1.44
  COVID-19 fears 1.36 0.45 0.67 3.00 0.010*      
  ED-SD −0 .38 1.04 − 0.08 − 0.37 0.718      
  Age 0.18 .06 0.50 2.75 0.017*      
  Sex − 0.60 2.13 − 0.06 − 0.28 0.783      
  Education 0.31 0.73 0.08 0.42 0.680      
  Employment −0 .74 0.79 − 0.18 − 0.94 0.363      
 Controls
  (Constant)       0.38 (0.878) 0.38 0.15 − 0.24 0.18
  COVID-19 fears − 0.13 0.25 − 0.18 − 0.53 0.605      
  ED-SD 0.82 1.25 0.27 .66 0.520      
  Age 0.05 0.07 0.30 .74 0.475      
  Sex − 0.08 1.01 − 0.02 − .08 0.941      
  Education 0.46 0.39 0.35 1.17 0.263      
  Employment − 0.00 0.28 − 0.00 − .01 0.994      
  1. BD  bipolar disorder, ED-SD   emotional distress due to social distancing
  2. *p < 0.05 in bold; multiple linear regression results on somatization with COVID-19 fears and ED-SD as predictors corrected for age, sex, education, and employment