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Table 3 Percentage of positive responses by adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Disorder on the HCL-33 and HCL-33-EA

From: A comparison of the 33-item Hypomania Checklist with the 33-item Hypomania Checklist-external assessment for the detection of bipolar disorder in adolescents

Items Percentage of positive responses (%)
  HCL-33 HCL-33-EA *
  BD MDD BD MDD
1. I need less sleep 51.7 42.5 36.1 23.0
2. I feel more energetic and more active 64.6 57.5 66.7 52.2
3. I am more self-confident 41.5 39.8 52.4 43.4
4. I enjoy my work more 48.3 38.1 36.7 32.7
5. I am more sociable (make more phone calls, go out more) 53.7 41.6 38.8 38.1
6. I want to travel and/or do travel more 44.9 48.7 44.9 41.6
7. I tend to drive faster or take more risks when driving 27.2 17.7 8.8 8.0
8. I spend more money/too much money 56.5 46.9 37.4 23.9
9. I take more risks in my daily life (in my work and/or other activities) 32.7 29.2 11.6 8.0
10. I am physically more active (sport etc.) 39.5 30.1 27.9 15.9
11. I plan more activities or projects 57.1 42.5 47.6 32.7
12. I have more ideas, I am more creative 53.7 46.9 51.7 45.1
13. I am less shy or inhibited 40.8 28.3 38.1 24.8
14. I wear more colourful and more extravagant clothes/make-up 28.6 19.5 22.4 15.9
15. I want to meet or actually do meet more people 40.8 33.6 22.4 18.6
16. I am more interested in sex and/or I am more sexually active 19.7 11.5 9.5 5.3
17. I talk more 66.7 61.1 61.2 53.1
18. I think faster 55.1 54.9 61.2 54.0
19. I make more jokes or puns when I am talking 60.5 67.3 56.5 45.1
20. I am more easily distracted 53.1 54.9 36.7 40.7
21. I engage in lots of new things 51.7 41.6 42.9 35.4
22. My thoughts jump from topic to topic 68.0 65.5 32.0 30.1
23. I do things more quickly and/or more easily 45.6 46.0 49.0 37.2
24. I am more impatient and/or get irritable more easily 66.0 52.2 53.7 51.3
25. I can be exhausting or irritating for others 49.0 38.9 37.4 36.3
26. I get into more quarrels 43.5 35.4 27.2 23.9
27. My mood is higher, more optimistic 46.3 47.8 51.0 41.6
28. I drink more coffee 15.6 8.8 4.8 8.0
29. I smoke more cigarettes 8.2 2.7 2.7 2.7
30. I drink more alcohol 13.6 2.7 5.4 0.9
31. I take more drugs (sedatives, anxiolytics, stimulants…) 15.0 7.1 5.4 4.4
32. I game or gamble more 29.9 20.4 22.4 15.0
33. I eat more or I binge more 42.2 34.5 21.8 15.0
  1. BD Bipolar Disorder, MDD Major Depressive Disorder, HCL-33 33-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-33), HCL-33-EA 33-item Hypomania Checklist (HCL-33) external assessment
  2. *The subject for each question of the HCL-33-EA is “He/She”